Geronimo is a Native American word meaning "One Who Yawns". Geronimo was a famous Native American leader of Chiricahua Apaches, who frequently fought against both American and Mexican soldiers in the West in an attempt to stop encroachment upon Apache lands. Geronimo's band of natives was one of the last to acknowledge American control of the American West.
Geronimo was born on June 16, 1829 in what is now the state of Arizona, but at the time was a part of Mexico. Geronimo was educated by his parents, Tablishim, his father, and Juana, his mother, in the traditional Apache manner. Geronimo married an Apache woman named Ta-ayz-slath, and they had three children. All seemed to be going well when on March 5, 1851 Geronimo's camp was attacked by 400 Mexican soldiers led by Colonel Jose Maria Carrasco. The attack occured while all of the Apache men were in town trading and the women, children, and elderly had been left alone. Among those killed were Geronimo's wife, children, and mother. Geronimo would go to a famous Apache chief named, Cochise for help in getting retribution against the Mexicans. Geronimo would become famous for his brave exploits against Mexican and United States forces, as well as his exciting escapes from capture. Toward the end of his career as a military leader of the Apaches, Geronimo led a band of only 38 men, and managed to evade capture even though Geronimo was being pursued by five thousand American troops, which at the time was a full quarter of the American army. Geronimo would eventually surrender to the United States on September 4, 1886.
Even though Geronimo would spend the next decade and a half in different military prisons, he made a special appearance at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1905 he would President Theodore Roosevelt's inaugural parade. Geronimo died of pneumonia in 1909 at Fort Sill in Oklahoma.
This report prepared by Nathaniel Ford