James A. Garfield, of Ohio, was a general in the Civil War, who eventually rose to the office of President of the United States. A Republican who favored high tariffs, and reform of the civil service, James Garfield would be cut down by an assassin's bullet in 1881. His administration only lasted 200 days, and 80 of those were spent in agonizing pain from the assassin's bullet that was lodged in his back. Doctor's tried to use a new invention, the metal detector, to find the bullet, and their constant digging in his back made Garfield's injury worse than it already was.
James A. Garfield was both a speaker and writer. He had the ability to write Latin in one hand, and Greek in the other, at the same time. Garfield's father died when James was only two years old. James went to work at an early age to support his family, driving a canal boat team. He was able to attend college and becoming a professor after his graduation. He was elected to serve in the United States House of Representatives, where he remained for 18 years before being elected president.
This report prepared by Nathaniel Ford